ilk is considered as an ideal and complete food and it contains proximate principles of a well balanced diet. Milk in Sanskrit is called as ‘Ksheera’ Ayurveda – an authentic system of science has described varieties of milk and its importance in diet. There are varieties of milk and its importance in diet. There are varieties of milk from different animals like cow, buffalo, goat, horse, camel, elephant etc. Among all cow’s milk seems to have greater medicinal properties. Human milk is also essential diet for infants in their growth and to gain Immunity throughout their life.
Cow’s milk in Sanskrit is “Gokheera”. It is considered to be the best among all.
Cow’s milk which is sweet in taste, cold in potency, promotes digestion, strength, longevity, good for eyes, and suitable for all age groups. It is indicated in most of the diseases like Sopha, Udara, Pandu, Daaha, Amlapitta, Unmada, Mada, Brahma, Murcha, Garbhasrava, Yoni roga, Sukra vikara etc.
In spite of its indications in various diseases it is also used for purification for some dravyas to remove their visha properties and make them fit. To be used for various medicinal preparations. Milk is also used in various external treatments in Ayurveda like Ksheera dhara, ksheera vasti etc.
Buffalo’s milk is heavier than cow’s milk. Hence it is advised to persons those who have strong Digestive power.
Goat’s milk has the same properties like that of cow’s milk, still lighter to digest than cow’s milk. Goat’s milk is lighter to digest as goat eats lots of plant food that has different tastes, does lots of physical exercises like walking and drinks very little quantity of water. It can be used as a substitute in the place of cow’s milk.
Human Milk :-
Human milk is essential for infants. Human milk is sweet and slightly astringent in taste, cold in potency and light to digest. It promotes strength, helps in promoting the growth of the tissues of the body, good for eyes. It is highly beneficial in disorders of eyes. It is used for the treatments like Tarpana, Aschyotnana and Nasyam.
The milk that is obtained directly from the cow’s udder will be warm, it is said to be dharoshana ksheeram. It is equal to Nectar in qualities, promotes digestion and Tridoshasharam in nature. When it becomes cold it becomes unfit for use.
How to boil milk ?
Take 1 part of the quantity of Milk, ½ part of water should be added, and then boiled till the water gets evaporated.
The un boiled milk is heavy to digest, reduces one’s digestive power. All types of milks should be taken only after boiling except human milk, as boiling of human milk is not good. If the milk is kept un boiled for about 5 hours the original quality of milk changes. If it is kept for about 10 hours it becomes unfit for use.
Effects of intake of milk
Depending upon time
Morning: intake of milk is usually not advised in the morning hours as it is heavy to digest.
Afternoon: intake of milk in the afternoon promotes strength in old people, improves Agni in children, removes urinary calculi and also alleviates kapha and pitta.
Evening: drinking of milk in the evening hours is good for eyes and alleviates vata and pitta.
Night: drinking of milk at Night is ideal. In day time people happen to exert much and vidahi annam hence drinking of milk after food is essential at night to reduce tiredness and also good for eyes.
Baalyavastha (Childhood) – promotes growth and development of tissues
Yuvavastha (youth) – promotes strength
Vruddhavastha (old age) – provides strength and prevents ageing.
Qualitities depending upon Storage
Qualitities of milk differ depending upon the vessel in which it is stored.
Taamra – copper
Suvarna – Gold
Roupya – silver
Kamsya – brass
Habitual intake of cow’s milk is indicated from the first month of pregnancy in Ayurvedic samhitas. Because of the valuable properties, milk is advised to take everyday solely or mixed with other food.
Milk that should be avoided
Milk other than sweet taste like sour, salt should be avoided. Milk with bad smell, abnormal colour should be avoided. Milk of Cow that is pregnant aggravates all the tridoshas, hence should be avoided.
After intake of Taamboola (betel leaves) for about 2 hours milk should be avoided.
Milk is considered almost complete food, as it contains Vitamins A, thiamine, Nicotine acid, Vitamin B12, Vitamin K, minerals like Calcium, Phosphorus, sodium and potassium according to modern concepts. In Ayurveda milk has so many properties like Rasayana and considered to have the qualitities of Ojas – essence of Dhatus, hence equal to nectar. Now – a day’s people go for pasteurized milk, slim milk, skimmed milk etc which is not going to give the actual benefits of milk rather it may lead to some other problem in the future. Cow’s milk is the best among all.