Posts Tagged ‘hair loss’

Herbal Hair Care – How it Works?

Thursday, November 3rd, 2011

s many people experience the effects of increasing pollution and ill health, hair can thin out, lose its color and become brittle and dull.
Mehendi (henna)
Henna represents a natural material derived from dried leaves of the plant Lawsonia inermis. It is mainly used as a hair dye in Europe, based on the staining properties of the main active ingredient Lawsone, 2 – hydrixy – 1,4 –naphtoquinone (CAS no.83 -72 – 7). Lawsone is known to be a natural part of Henna.
Popular as Henna, Lawsonia Inermis can actually enrich, color and enhance your hair. Henna is a powerful and natural hair condition that can help heal the hair shaft by repairing and sealing the cuticle, protecting hair against breakage and loss of shine. Henna is excellent for the maintainance of the health hair.
Henna is a small tree which grows upto a height of 6 meters. It is glabrous, muiltibranched with spine tipped branchlets. Leaves are opposite, entire, glabrous, sub – sessile, elliptical and broadly lanceolate. Henna plant has lateral branches with leaves that grow in pairs, around 2 to 4 centimeters in length. Henna leaves have a red – orange dye, lawsone, and the hight dye, concentration is in the petiole (the central vein). Young leaves have the highest petiole dye content. The dye content reduces as leaves grow older. Lawsone has an affinity for bonding with protein, and thus has been used to dye skin and wool. Henna body art is made by appling henna paste to the skin: the lawsone in the paste migrates into the outermost layer of the skin and makes a redbrown stain.
Henna also imparts excellent conditioning affect as well as thickness to the hair. The henna works more efficiently when the extract of some plants like amla (Indian gooseberry), reetha (soap nuts),shikakai (Acacia Concinna) etc. are mixed added to it. Henna can be used in any type of hair. However, the darker hair produce excellent result when henna is applied on it. When used as a conditioner, Henna imparts following benefits:
? Prevents hair loss
? Strengthens hair
? Controls dandruff
? Conditions hair
? Tones and promotes healthy scalp
? Removes excess oil from the scalp
? Relives headaches and scalp tension
In the early Ayurvedic texts, Henna is being mentioned as a cure for number of skin and hair problems. It is used to manufacture natural and herbal hair oils and shampoos.
Henna has Lawsone, tannin dye molecule, in its leaves. You can’t see it chlorophull. When you pulverize the leaves and mix them with a slightly acidic liquid such as lemon juice, the dye molecule becomes available as the cell wall’s cellulose dissolves. The dye molecule can then migrate out of the past, breach cuticle cell walls in the hair shaft, and bind with the keratin.
If the idea of Lawsone “migrating” from henna paste into keratin seems confusing, compared it to this: if you put a wet teabag on a white table cloth, the tannin in the tea “migrates” from the teabag into the cloth fibers, binds with those fibers, and leaves a stain. And, the darker the stain.
To release Lawsone efficiently, while preserving the hydrogen atoms necessary to bin the molecule to the keratin, mix henna powder with an acidic liquid, and lave it at room temperature overnight.
Youtr gray hair is special. There is no melanin in the middle of gray hair!
When your hair no longer produces melanins, Only the keratin hair shaft remains. Since keratin is the same stuff your fingernails are made of, your gray hair is the same color as your fingernails. Your gray hair may be slightly yellowish or grayish, or pure white. These variations are from the structure of the keratins scale, and wether they reflect more or less light, and from minerals in the water you drink and bathe with.
Since your hair follicle isn’t busy producing melanin, your gray hair grows much faster then rest of your hair ! Your gray hair may also be a different texture from the rest of your hair.
If you henna hair that has no melanin, the only color you see from henna is the Lawsone red-orange color. If the lawsone content is high, the color will be dark red-orange, oxidizing to deep auburn (hair color that is somewhere between brown hair and red hair).
Henna has been used to treat skin infections such as tinea and it is known to have antibacterial properties which have been attributed to naphthoquinones, including lawsone (wren RC. 1988 Potter’s new cyclopaedia botanical drugs and preparations. Revised edition. Saffron Walden : CW Daniel Co. Ltd. P 143.)
As per the studies it is identified that lawsonia inermis contains – Alkaloids, quinines, Tanins & Flavanoids, out of which flavanoids are 25.5+0.18mg/g.
The study in vitro showed antibacterial activity of Lawsonia inermis. The antibacterial activity was expressed at varying degress with the activity being of both strain and does dependent. Five bacterias were used for antibacterial studies.
Medicinal plants are being used by the larger proportion of Indian population. The reason for this include a)True improvement of diseases condition after herbal treatment b)Harmful side effect and high cost of the other forms of treatment.
This study, the result were encouraging, as the Lawsonia inermis appeared to contain substances that had antimicrobial properties because of the methanolic extract of the lawsonia inermis leaves were active against five different bacteria’s. Plants showing significant activity may be due to the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and quinines. Among the various microorganisms, the methanolic extract of lawsonia inermis was more active against Staphylococcus aureus.
Indian gooseberry:
Amla (Indian gooseberry) is a proven hair toinc and is used in all or polyherbal ayurvedic preparation for hair loss. It enriches hair growth and hair pigmentation. Amla is also excellent for strengthening the roots of the hair, maintaining color and luster. Ayurvedic medition has used Amla oil as a topical solution to give additional nutrition to the scalp and hair in order to prevent scalp infection and controls premature graying of hair.
Many recipes using amla (gooseberry) are used in various parts of the asian countries to prevent premature graying of hair, as a conditioner, to prevent hair – loss,
The berries are very nutritious, containing vital amino acids, larger amount of proteins and vitamin C, and minerals. Hair requires proteins and amino acids to grow and flourish in a healthy way. Amala contains more amino acides than even apples. It contain glutamine, proline, aspartic acid, lysine, alanine, tannin, gallic acid and albumin. It also contains high levels of needed copper, zinc and chromium.
The berries boost calcium absorption which is vital to the production of healthy hair. It preserves the color of the haor and delays the onset of gray hair, even well into old age. It provides one of the best supporting mechanisms for strengthening the hair follicles, reducing the thinning and possible baldness that could eventually occur.
A fixed oil obtained from the berries that is used to strengthen and promote the growth of the hair. The dried fruits have a good effect on hair hygiene and have long been respected as an ingredient of shampoo hair oil.
Indian gooseberry is an accepted hair tonic in traditional recipes for enriching hair growth and also pigmentation. A fixed oil obtained from the berries strengthens and promotes the growth of hair. The fruit, cut into pieces, is dried, preferably in shade and then boiled in coconut oil, the resulting oil is said to be excellent for preventing hair graying – in Ayurvedic terms, a classic sign of excess pitta dosha. The water in which dried amala pieces are soaked overnight is also said to be nourishing to the hair.
Shoe flower (Hibiscus Rose sinensis) – Commonly known as Japa pushpa or Chembarathi, Hibiscus belongs to the Malvaceae family has a showy petals usually flowering in red colors. The women from ancient times are using the combination of hibiscus flower with herbal oils have proved to have amazing effects in hair care. It is one of the most luxurious and exotic way to pamper the health of your hair.
The topical application of the formulated herbal hair oil on the denuded skins of experimental animals showed excellent hair growth completion, which was comparable to observed that in hair oil treated group that texture of hair was coarse, rough and hard as compared to the hair of minoxidil 2% treated group which were short and silky. However the exact mechanism of hair growth stimulation is still not known and further studies are a perquisite in order to evaluate the extra mechanism behind hair growth stimulation. Literature survey reveals that minoxidil is accompanied by some unwanted side effects like withdrawal alopecia, headache & dizziness etc, which limits its extensive usage or its suitability for commercial exploitation, hence along with the mechanism of action and compound showing bioactive properties in formulated hair oil, futher research work is desirable to isolate and develop compound exhibiting properties similar to minoxidil, but with lesser or mild side effects.
Much likely the hibiscus has gained a huge popularity throughout Indian and have achieved a holy platform sharing with tulsi – Basil leaves. They are usually used in all kinds of rituals and festivals in India which display all the benefits.
According to Ayurveda these leaves consist of numerous elements that benefits hair and scalp. It is widely used for the treatment of dandruff and hair fall.
Be it the world of Ayurveda or the traditional Chinese herbal medicines the concoction of herbal oil with the hibiscus flower show a great effect on the scalp posses good amount of properties which helps to restore the health of our skin and hair.
The flowers help if used regularly . The extracted juices of the flowers are blended with hair dyes like henna and indigo. The properties of hibiscus have gained world wide acknowledgement because of the astounding result it showed on the hair scalp and hair fall troubles.
Hibiscuses have soothing and cooling effect on the scalp. Usually dandruff creates rashes in scalps and worsens the condition of the scalp. When hibiscus extraction is mixed scalp it produces a very soothing effect and also repairs the damage that is created due to dandruff. Undoubtedly it also helps in eliminating the dandruff from the scalp.
It has proven of great benefits in seborrhea conditions on the scalp. During seborrhea over activity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily which is treated with the help of the hibiscus. It also reduces excess oiliness that damages your hair.
Hibiscus aids to eradicate and lessen pore clogging which improves the general look and condition of hair. It also abridges extreme scaling, itching and redness of the scalp.
According to tradition texts (Nadkarni, 1954;kumar et al., 1994), it is well accepted that the leaves and flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis have hair growth promoting and anti- greying properties. Moreover, in India the herbal products in the growth including the extract of various part of Hibiscus.
The main other benefits of hibiscus have proved to give greater effect on the health of the heir. At the very bottom line it helps in eliminating the toxins from the body but at the same time it also bushels the normal acid alkaline. While massaging it already improves the blood circulation and when combine it with hibiscus it gives essential nutrients to the follicles. All the elements that are needed to counter fights the pollutants that reside in the scalp due to the pollution are eradication with the help of hibiscus.
There are many ways to use hibiscus flowers and get benefited through it. Hot and cold infusion both are very helpful in treating the hair. In a hot infusion the flower and the leaves are added to boiling water and allowed to keep it for 10 to 12 hours and then strained it before using it on the scalp. While in the cold infusion are made to stand in cold water with a ratio of is to six and then flowers are squeezed, strained and then then used. Any if this infusion can be used as last rinse after washing the hair thoroughly.
Not necessary that you have to use these infusions just after washing your hair but this mixture can also be used to wash the hair or apply on the scalp with the help with the help of the cotton wool. Blend this extracts or juice of the flowers with henna paste and place it on the hair nourishments and helps in amazing growth of the hair.
Now a days Hibiscus extract is also added to brahmi, bhringaraj, amla, henna and other such extracts, to formulate products for hair care, like cleansers, hair tonics, anti-dandruff preparations, hair conditioners and rinses.
Hibiscus Hair oil Recipe
Shikakai: Acacia concinna is a tree native to Asia, common in the warm, plains of central & south Indian. Alkaloids are found in abundance in the fruit.
Acacia concinna has been used traditionally for hair care in the Indian subcontinent since ancient times. It is one of the Ayurvedic meditional plants. The fruits is known in India as shikakai. The word shikakai, means “fruits for hair”, it is a traditional shampoo used in India In order to prepared it the fruit pods, leaves and bark of Acacia concinna are dried, powdered and made into a paste.
While this traditional shampoo does not produce the normal amount of lather that a sulfate – containing shampoo would, it is a good cleanser. It is mild, having a naturally low pH, and doesn’t strip hair of natural oils. Usually no conditioner is needed, for shikakai also acts as a detangler.
Acacia concinna extracts are used in natural shampoos or hair powders and the tree is now grown commercially in India and Far East Asisa. The plant parts used for the dry powdered or the extract are the bark, leaves or pods. The bark contains high levels of saponins, which are foaming agents that are found in several other plant species. Saponin – containing plants have a long history of use as mid cleaning agents. Saponins from the plant’s ponds have been traditionally used as a detergent.
The name “shikakai” literally means “fruit for hair”. The powdered pods, leaves and bark of the shikakai shrub (Acacia concinna) have been used for cleansing hair and in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. Shikakai is reputed to get rid of dandruff, reduce shedding and help strengthen hair.

I use this for my health after doctor told me to do it. I am very surprised with the result. Buy generic levitra online uk? Our Online Canadian Pharmacy is also accredited by the Canadian International Pharmacy Association (CIPA).

How Shikakai Works as a Shampoo
Shikakai’s pods contain saponins, compounds which produce lather when mixed with water and shaken. These saponins help to clean oil off the shikakai helps to condition the hair powder is finely – ground, medium browh and has has a pleasant smell reminiscent of fruit tea.
Unlike commercial shampoos, shikakai does not produce mountains of lather. It is a milder cleanser than other natural shampoo substitutes such as baking soda. Due to its conditioning properties shikakai can be used alone: it can also be followed by a natural condition such as a hair treatment package with other herbs such as henna and fenugreek (methi). Another popular practice and let it soak for a few hours, before applying the shikakai to soak up the excess oil and cleanse the scalp.
Coconut oil:
Coconut oil is very popular and the most preferred among the hair oil worldwide. Let us find out why. If you ever visit coastal parts of India, like West Bengal, Kerala, Coastal Tamil Nadu etc, you will be surprised to see lots and lots of old men and women, in their 70s and 80s, still having thick jet black hair. Thanks to the coastal climate, the rice and fish meal and of course, to the pure coconut oil they use on hair. Since their childhood, people living in most of the coastal areas of the world, more specifically in the area where coconut grows in abundance, such as in the Indian Subcontinent, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, Philippines etc., known the one and the only, the sweet smelling coconut oil as their only hair oil. Coconut oil has been in use as hair oil for ages and it has shown remarkable results. Certain vitalized, nourished and protected from effects of ageing. Let us see those components and their effects on hair.
Lauric Acid:
One of the most responsible reason behind hair fall and hair loss is microbial action on the scalp and hair roots. So, to protect hair against them, what we need is an antimicrobial agent. Lauric Acid present in coconut oil is one of them. It is basically a triglyceride which yields a monoglyceride called Monolaurin when acted breaks the glycerol bonds. This monolaurin has excellent antimicrobial properties.

Capric Acid:
This is yet another triglyceride present in coconut oil, which, like Lauric Acid, yields another monoglyceride called Monocaprin due to bacterial action, having antimicrobial properties similar to that of monolaurin.
Vitamin – E:
Almost every aptly educated person knows the importance of vitamin – E for skin and hair. It keeps scalp and skin healthy and hair rejuvenated.
Moisture Retaining Capacity:
Coconut oil has high moisture retaining capacity, since it is not broken down easily nor evaporated, being very stable. It does not let moisture escape thus keeping hair moistened and soft. This prevents breakage of hair. Coconut oil is a far better conditioner for hair than any synthetic one available in the market.
Anti – Dandruff:
The various fatty acids present in coconut oil serve as very good anti dandruff shampoo. A regular application can help you get rid of dandruff for ever.
Coconut oil can be good styling oil for hair too, as it melts on heating and then condenses on cooling. So when you apply it on your hair, it thins and spreads evenly due to heat of the scalp. Soon afterwards, as the hair comes in condenses on cooling and thus works as a styling gel or cream.

Music Therapy and the Elderly by – Dr. T V Sairam

Thursday, September 10th, 2009

Music therapy is a nascent discipline in India and yet to be rooted into the system of the elderly care. However without really being aware of the significant impact of music, and without any fore-thought, many of us are habitual in seeking for the type of music which we like as and when we find the circumstances around us are jarring.

canadian pharmavy generic viagra

As and when we encounter such music by chance, we feel greatly relieved and heave a sigh of relief- again without acknowledging the role of such music.

In recent years, particularly after the world war II, the discipline of music therapy has attracted the attention of not only singers, musicians and musicologists, but also scientists from various formations such as psychology, neurology, biology, gerontology etc and as a result music therapy is tried as a complementary medicine for patients suffering from diverse psychological problems such as anxiety, dementia, dyslexia, autism, retardation. It is prescribed as a preventive therapy not only for infants, children, teenagers, middle-aged workers and executive and the elderly, but also for those who are yet to be born and growing in the mother’s womb! In short people suffering or prone to psychic disturbances are flooded with music that may help either in preventing or overcoming such disturbances addressed by appropriate music notes.

What is Music Therapy?

It refers to a target-oriented and purposeful activity wherein a therapist and a client/clients, as a part of treatment, use certain selected musical expression, conducive in arousing feelings, sensations and memories. Though its mood-enhancing effect is widely acknowledged, the mechanism as to how music could make such an impact is still an area shrouded with mystery, posing challenges to any scientific conclusion on the role of music. The main reason for this is that musical perception is very much linked to our brain cells and the human brain is still an organ of mystery to the present-day neuro-scientists.

However, it could be safely concluded that music brings huge variety to established treatment routines. Musical interaction is so rewarding that not only the patients, but also the role-players, namely the therapists and nurses -all find avenues for their expression. Lehtonen (2002) has observed that in the end, it is the patients who teach their music therapists how to implement music therapy together with them!

While there is a lack of research and experimental activity in the area of music therapy, there is an increasing level of its popularity as more and more clients find this method, non-invasive and pampering – unlike the dreadful and diabolic means adopted, more particularly in the treatments for terminal diseases.

Music for the Elderly
In a research project taken up by Salminen (1990), it was found that people in old age are very interested in music, although many of them have weakened hearing or other old-age problems. McCullough (1981) came to similar conclusion on studying over 65-year-old people living in the United States (276 persons). Of the old people examined, 31 % considered music “important to some extent”, 11 % “important” and 29 % “extremely important”.

Through music, there is possibility to arrive at one’s pleasure-giving memories and fulfilling experiences connected to one’s earlier life-events. As the social relations decrease due to ageing, it becomes all the more necessary to adopt music as a companion.McCullough observed that half of his subjects reported that the meaning of music had increased with age and only one fifth reported that it had not increased. For some, music gave them new energy and listening experiences were considered therapeutic.

Music Promotes Memories
According to Lehtonen et al (1999), music formed a vital landscape of memories, which helped old people to work through their wartime memories. Using plenty of f music with a view to activate their memories, social relationships and expression, it could be noticed that there were certain key songs, which easily opened their mental locks and helped also painful memories also to get their verbal expression. Such Finnish wartime popular songs as Little blossoming mounds and Life in the trenches had a great significance as the memory anchors of the whole generation. For instance the song Little blossoming mounds was very important because it greatly helped people to work through their sadness and longing for their killed fellow soldiers during the Second World War. These songs still have their meaning and they remind old people directly of their dead relatives, friends and neighbors. These songs represent Kleinian “healing sorrow” which enables feelings to break through without t oo much pain and suffering.

This ‘ability’ of music to facilitate communication/self-communication is attributed to its following characters:

Music gives protection to an individual in paranoid situations.
Music protects an individual against unhappiness, sadness, incoherence, loneliness and guilt and it is functioning like a pleasure giving transitional object.
Music protects an individual against unpleasant feelings and yet, at the same time, gives psychic strength to face and overcome them.
Music can also be used in frightening and unpleasant situations, for instance, against silence representing loneliness.
The Procedure for the Elderly
Normally in the treatment of healthy old people group-singing and group-listening are encouraged. It ahs been found that music associated with the vital years of such people helps in activating emotional life and memory. Period music can also be administered to the elderly along with old photo albums and souvenirs. Some therapists use old songs along with slide show, composed of the old photos, which brought lots of memories about meaningful places and music as well. The normally quiet group started indulging in talk and discussions bringing out stories of their experiences connected to such music and photos.
Recollection by Means of Music Therapy
Music can express personal experiences which cannot be expressed verbally. It can even revive suppressed sides of life, rejuvenating the ageing mindscape. Karki (1990) used music of the 1940″s in recollection therapy administered to the demented seniors. It became evident that mmories connected with music concerning by-gone times contained abundant material linked with earlier phases of life, joy, sorrow and recollection of friendships, as well as memories about a mother and being a child.